<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd"> <HTML LANG=ru><head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=Windows-1251"> <title>0@>4 8E ?><=8B. A5340 A =0@>4>< (=4@59 0@?>28G -H:8=8=)</title> <style type="text/css"> <!-- p.MsoNormal { margin:0cm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-autospace:none; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; } span.MsoFootnoteReference { vertical-align:super; } p.MsoFootnoteText { margin:0cm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-autospace:none; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; } --> </style> </head> <body bgcolor="E9E3DB"> <blockquote> <blockquote> <pre><b></b></pre> <font size="+3">  % " </font></blockquote> </blockquote> <p></p> <p> </p> <div align="justify"></div> <table width="928" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"> <tr> <td width="925"> <blockquote> <blockquote><blockquote><blockquote><blockquote><blockquote><blockquote>&nbsp;&nbsp; <div align="center"></div> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <table width="752" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" align="center"> <tr> <td width="546" align="center"> <p align="center"><a href="Narod_ih_pomnit.html">: >3;02;5=8N</a> <br> <a href="067.htm">=0704 &lt;</a> <a href="Narod_ih_pomnit.html">^</a> <a href="091.htm">&gt; 2?5@54 </a></p> <h2 align="right"><img src="fire.jpg" width="55" height="24"></h2> <hr> <h2 align="center">! !  </h2> <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;"O65;K5 4=8 ?5@56820;0 !>25BA:0O @5A?C1;8:0 2 1919 3>4C, :>340 :>;G0:>2FK ?@>@20;8 D@>=B @0A=>9 @<88 =0 2>AB>:5 8 ?5@5H;8 2 =0ABC?;5=85. >AB>G=K9 D@>=B A=>20, :0: 8 ;5B>< 1918 3>40, AB0; 3;02=K< D@>=B>< @5A?C1;8:8. 11 0?@5;O &5=B@0;L=K9 ><8B5B  (1) >4>1@8; =0?8A0==K5 . . 5=8=K< "578AK &  (1) 2 A2O78 A ?>;>65=85< >AB>G=>3> D@>=B0, 345 C:07K20;>AL, GB> CA?5E8 >;G0:0 =0 2>AB>:5 A>740;8 3@>7=CN >?0A=>ABL 4;O AB@0=K !>25B>2. 'B>1K CAB@0=8BL 55, =5>1E>48<> 1K;> =0?@OGL 2A5 A8;K. & ?0@B88 ?@54;>68; ?0@B89=K< >@30=870F8O< <>18;87>20BL A2>8E ;CGH8E G;5=>2 8 =0?@028BL =0 D@>=B, ?@82;5GL : >1>@>=5 !>25BA:>9 @5A?C1;8:8 A0<K5 H8@>:85 <0AAK @01>G8E.  AB@0=5 @0725@=C;0AL >3@><=0O @01>B0 ?> >@30=870F88 2A5E A8; 4;O >B?>@0 2@03C. 075B0 =0<O @52>;NF88 (070=L) 4 <0O 1919 3>40 ?@87K20;0: @C4LN >BAB>8< =0HC :>@<8;8FC >;3C >B 2A5E ?>AO30B5;59 =0 55 ?;5=5=85. 5 4>?CAB8< G5@=KE A>B5= 04<8@0;0 >;G0:0 : =0H59 ?@>;5B0@A:>9 >;35 : =0H59 <0BCH:5 >;35! <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0 1>@L1C A >;G0:>< ?0@B8O ?>AK;05B A2>8E ;CGH8E AK=>2 8 4>G5@59.  @O4K 4>1@>2>;LF52 2AB0;8 A>B=8 C@>65=F52 <0@89A:>3> :@0O, 2 G8A;5 :>B>@KE 1K;8 :><<C=8ABK 8 :><A><>;LFK. 075B0 2-9 0@<88 @0A=K9 2>8= ?>4G5@:820;0: @>7=0O >?0A=>ABL :@0A=><C >2>;6LN A><:=C;0 2 548=CN 1>52CN A5<LN 2A5 =0A5;ONI85 MB>B :@09 =0@>4=>AB8<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1"><span style="">1</span></a>. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; >A;5 ?5@2KE ?>154 =0 >AB>G=>< D@>=B5 =0 AB@0=8F0E 3075BK =0<O @52>;NF88 A=>20 C:07K20;>AL =0 =5>1E>48<>ABL CA8;5=8O >B?>@0 >;G0:C, >A>15==> 2 B5 4=8, :>340 2>7=8:;0 >?0A=>ABL 8 4;O :@0A=>3> 8B5@0.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 5<0;> 45;0;>AL 4;O >:070=8O ?><>I8 D@>=BC 8 2 <0@89A:>< :@05. 3> B@C65=8:8 2K?>;=O;8 7040=8O ?> ?@>4@0725@AB:5. ;O =C64 0@<88 1K;> >B?@02;5=> =5A:>;L:> BKAOG ?C4>2 E;510 8 DC@060. 03>B>2;O;8AL B0:65 <OA> 8 :0@B>D5;L.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  >48= 87 >A5==8E 4=59 2 !>B=C@A:CN 2>;>ABL ?@81K; <>;>4>9 :><<C=8AB =4@59 -H:8=8=, GB>1K @07JOA=8BL 75<;O:0< ?>;8B8:C ><<C=8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88 8 !>25BA:>9 2;0AB8. 0 8;5BA:>9 <5;L=8F5 >= AB0; A2845B5;5< B>3>, :0: :@5ABLO=5 1;87;560I8E 45@525=L :0B53>@8G5A:8 >B:07K20;8AL >B 22545=8O :0@B>G=>9 A8AB5<K =0 ?><>; 75@=0, ?KB0;8AL A1@>A8BL 2 2>4C :>=B@>;5@0 070=A:>3> 3C15@=A:>3> ?@>4>2>;LAB25==>3> :><8B5B0. > 53> A;CE0 4>=>A8;8AL A;>20:<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  0@89FK! "0B0@K! 5;L7O 84B8 =0?5@5:>@ 70:>=C !>25BA:>9 2;0AB8. A;8 =5 ?@8>1@5AB8 18;5BK, 70:@>NB <5;L=8FC...<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; >;LH>3> B@C40 AB>8;> 038B0B>@C CA?>:>8BL A>1@02H8EAO.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; -B> A>1KB85 ?>74=55 >?8A0=> 2 @0AA:075 0 <5;L=8F5, >?C1;8:>20==>< 2 1924 3>4C 2 6C@=0;5 # 8;KH (>20O 687=L). 0AA:07 70:0=G8205BAO B0::<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; @CB8B @5:0 ;5BL <5;L=8G=K5 :>;5A0.  C3;C 3>@8B A:8?840@=0O ;0<?0, A45;0==0O 87 1CBK;:8.  0<10@5 <5;L=8FK B5<=>.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  3;CECN =>GL 87@54:0 4>=>AOBAO 3>;>A0 ?B8F. "8E>.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  5;L=8F0 A=>20 70:@KB0. @845BAO ?@8>1@5AB8 =0 ?><>; 18;5B, A;KH8BAO A@548 :@5ABLO=.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; "0:>9 @073>2>@ H5; 8 2 45@52=5 >2K9 0@0<0A, @0A?>;>65==>9 =540;5:> >B <5;L=8FK, =0 ;52>< 15@53C @5:8 H8B, :>B>@0O 2?0405B 2 ;5BL. 45AL, 2 >2>< 0@0<0A5, 2 A5<L5 ">94C15:0 8:C10528G0 -H:8=8=0 10 A5=BO1@O 1891 3>40 @>48;AO AK= =4@59. = 1K; ?5@2K<, 0 A0<K< <;04H8< 20=. 20= ">94C15:>28G 2A?><8=05B > A2>8E 1@0BLOE:<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;   =0H59 A5<L5 1K;> 2>A5<L 45B59: ?OBL AK=>259 8 B@8 4>G5@8.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A5 >=8 C2845;8 70@N :BO1@LA:>9 @52>;NF88. =0 40;0 8< @01>BC, C:070;0 ?CBL : A2>1>4=>9 687=8. 0B259 AB0; D>B>3@0D><. 8:>;09 1K; >4=8< 87 ?5@2KE :><A><>;LF52 <0@89A:>3> :@0O, ?>B>< @01>B0; 2 >H:0@-;5 8 25=83>25. >A?8B0==8:>< :><A><>;0 1K; 8 ;5:A59, ?>A2OB82H89 ?>74=55 A2>N 687=L ?@>A25I5=8N =0@>40.  O ?>;N18; ?@>D5AA8N 1CE30;B5@0, ?@>@01>B0; 4> ?5=A88 2 !@54=59 788, 0 A59G0A 682C 2 070=8, 2 3>@>45, 345 @>A;8 <>8 1@0BLO, ?>;CG8;8 >1@07>20=85... <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp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p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0G0;L=>5 >1@07>20=85 . -H:8=8= ?>;CG8; 2 @>4=>9 45@52=5, 345 A 1899 3>40 ACI5AB2>20;0 >4=>:;0AA=0O F5@:>2=>-?@8E>4A:0O H:>;0. A5=LN 1904 3>40, :>340 5<C H5; B@8=04F0BK9 3>4, >= ?>ABC?8; 2 #=L68=A:>5 42CE:;0AA=>5 CG8;8I5.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 52>;NF8O 1905 1907 3>4>2 2 >AA88 2A:>;KE=C;0 8 <0@89A:89 :@09. #G0I85AO #=L68=A:>3> CG8;8I0 ?>4 48:B>2:C CG8B5;O 5B@0 @83>@L528G0 @83>@L520 ?8A0;8 ?@>:;0<0F88 8 @0A?@>AB@0=O;8 8E A@548 =0A5;5=8O. 1 MB>< =4@59 0@?>28G 2A?><8=0; ?>74=55: 8A0;8 =>GLN... (=0A:>;L:> ?><=N, 2>7720=8O 1K;8 > =5C?;0B5 =0;>3>2, >B:075 >B ?@87K20 2 0@<8N, =0?@02;5==K5 ?@>B82 A0<>45@6028O)...  1905 3>4C 2 45@52=5 ?> 45BA:>9 =082=>AB8 038B8@>20; ?@>B82 A0<>45@6028O, 70 GB> GCBL =5 1K; 70AB@5;5= AB@06=8:><<a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2"><span style="">2</span></a>. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; >A;5 42CE ;5B CG51K 2 #=L65 =4@59 ?>ABC?8; 2 H:>;C ?@8 070=A:>9 CG8B5;LA:>9 A5<8=0@88, 345 A<>3 ?@>CG8BLAO B>;L:> 4> 25A=K 1907 3>40. 45AL, ?> A;>20< -H:8=8=0, 2A5 CG0I85AO 1K;8 ?@>?8B0=K @52>;NF8>==K< 4CE><. =8 A C2;5G5=85< G8B0;8 @52>;NF8>==K5 1@>HN@K, 8<5;8 A2>N ?>4?>;L=CN 181;8>B5G:C. 4=064K =4@59 ?@8>1@5; >B:@KB:C ?>4 =0720=85< 48= A A>H:>9, A5<5@> A ;>6:>9. >340 AB0; ?>:07K20BL 55 4@C38<, MB> 70<5B8; CG8B5;L . !. 8E552.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  'B> BK 45;05HL, =4@59! 0 MB> <>3CB 2K3=0BL 87 H:>;K, ?@54C?@548; CG8B5;L.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A:>@5 B0: 8 2KH;>. 7 H:>;K 8A:;NG8;8 =5 B>;L:> =4@5O -H:8=8=0, => 8 25AL :;0AA 157 ?@020 ?>ABC?;5=8O 2 A5<8=0@8N. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; >A;5 MB>3> =4@59 E>B5; @01>B0BL CG8B5;5<, => 5<C 1K;> >B:070=>.  B5G5=85, 3>40 ?@8H;>AL 68BL =0 A>45@60=88 C 4O48. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ">;L:> 2 1908 3>4C >= AB0; CG8BLAO 2 42CE:;0AA=>< 3>@>4A:>< CG8;8I5 ?@8 070=A:>< CG8B5;LA:>< 8=AB8BCB5. >B>< @5H8; ?@>4>;68BL >1@07>20=85 2 070=A:>< B5E=8G5A:>< CG8;8I5. ">340 65 =4@59 2K=C645= 1K; ?@8=OBL ?@02>A;02=CN 25@C, GB>1K >B:@KBL A515 ?CBL 4;O 40;L=59H53> >1@07>20=8O.  =>2>< CG8;8I5 =4@59 ?@>1K; =54>;3>: =5 >:070;>AL A@54AB2 4;O ?@>4>;65=8O CG51K.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; "0: >A5=LN 1912 3>40 =0G0;0AL B@C4>20O 45OB5;L=>ABL -H:8=8=0. !=0G0;0 >= A;C68; ?5@5?8AG8:>< C ?@8AO6=>3> ?>25@5==>3>, ?>B>< AB0; G5@=>@01>G8< 070=A:>3> >:@C30 ?CB59 A>>1I5=8O. '5@57 3>4 53> 70G8A;8;8 45AOB=8:>< 8 =0?@028;8 2 3>@>4 0:0@L52 (>AB@><A:0O 3C1.) =0 384@><5BAB0=F8N.  1915 3>4C >= @01>B0; =0 B0:>9 65 AB0=F88 2 3>@>45 5@<8, 0 ?>74=55 AB0; B5E=8:>< 2>4=KE ?CB59. 0B5< =4@59 A=>20 ?>?0405B 2 0:0@L52. 01>B0 2 @07=KE 3>@>40E 40;0 2>7<>6=>ABL <0@89A:><C N=>H5 C2845BL BO65;K9 B@C4 @01>G8E, ?>;CG8BL =5>1E>48<CN 687=5==CN 70:0;:C. > 2@5<O $52@0;LA:>9 @52>;NF88 =0 3>@>4A:>< <8B8=35 >= 2KABC?8; ?@>B82 AB0@>3> AB@>O.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; -E> 5;8:>3> :BO1@O 70AB0;> . . -H:8=8=0 2 3>@>45 C5.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; = G0AB> ?>A5I05B A>1@0=8O 8 <8B8=38, ?@>2>48<K5 1>;LH528:0<8, 2=8<0B5;L=> A;CH05B 8E 2KABC?;5=8O. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; >A;5 >A2>1>645=8O 070=8 >B 15;>G5E>2 -H:8=8= 2>72@0I05BAO 2 E>@>H> 7=0:><K9 5<C 3>@>4, 1>;LH5 8=B5@5AC5BAO ?>;8B8G5A:>9 687=LN, >:>=G0B5;L=> ?5@594O =0 AB>@>=C 1>;LH528:>2.  :>=F5 =>O1@O 1918 3>40 =4@59 0@?>28G 2<5AB5 A A5<LN 75<;O:0<8 70?8A0;AO 2 OG59:C A>GC2AB2CNI8E  (1).  45:01@5 B>3> 65 3>40 G;5=K <0@89A:>9 A5:F88 070=A:>3> 3C15@=A:>3> >B45;0 =0F8>=0;L=KE <5=LH8=AB2 (>=0 2>7=8:;0 ?>A;5 @5>@30=870F88 ><8AA0@80B0 <0@8 070=A:>3> 3C18A?>;:><0) 8 :@0A=>0@<59FK <0@8 070=A:>3> 30@=87>=0 @5H8;8 >@30=87>20BL OG59:C A>GC2AB2CNI8E  (1), :>B>@0O 2 A>AB025 17 G5;>25: 1K;0 CB25@645=0 3>@>4A:8< @09:><>< 3C1:><0  (1) 4 45:01@O 1918 3>40. !@548 55 G;5=>2 1K; 8 . . -H:8=8=. @54A540B5;5< OG59:8 AB0; =4@59 ><0=>2, 0 A5:@5B0@5< ;048<8@ CE8=. ';5=K OG59:8 ?@8=8<0;8 0:B82=>5 CG0AB85 2 ?@>2>48<KE 3C15@=A:>9 ?0@B89=>9 >@30=870F859 : >@30=0<8 !>25BA:>9 2;0AB8 <5@>?@8OB8OE. 01>B0;8 B0<, :C40 8E =0?@02;O;0 ?0@B8O.  =0G0;5 1919 3>40 ?@>2>48;8AL ?5@52K1>@K :><8B5B>2 154=>BK. =4@5O -H:8=8=0, B5E=8:0 :><8B5B0 3>AC40@AB25==KE A>>@C65=89, :><0=48@>20;8 2 !>B=C@A:CN 2>;>ABL.  B5G5=85 <5AOF0 >= ?@>2>48; 1>;LHCN 038B0F8>==CN @01>BC A@548 :@5ABLO=, ?><>30; >1=>2;OBL :><154K.  :>340 ?@>2>48;0AL =545;O >;LA:>3> D@>=B0, -H:8=8= ?>1K20; 8 2 4@C38E <0@89A:8E 2>;>ABOE.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 21 <0O 1919 3>40 0:B82=K5 @01>B=8:8 OG59:8 . . ;5:A552, . $. CB5=8=, . . 54@>20, . ., CE8=, !. . '5@=O:>2 2ABC?8;8 2 G;5=K  (1).  >:BO1@5 1919 3>40 G;5=>< ><<C=8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88 AB0; 8 . . -H:8=8=.  MB><C 2@5<5=8 :><<C=8ABK-<0@8 2 070=8 1K;8 >1J548=5=K 2 >B45;L=CN A5:F8N ?@8 070=A:>< 3C1:><5  (1). ! MB>3> <><5=B0, ?8A0; ?>74=55 =4@59 0@?>28G, <0@89A:0O A5:F8O O2;O5BAO @C:>2>4OI8< >@30=>< :><<C=8AB8G5A:>3> 42865=8O A@548 <0@8. =0 87405B 3075BC, 1@>HN@K, ;8AB>2:8, 2>7720=8O. B:@K205B 4;O :@0A=>0@<59F52 8 :@5ABLO= :@0B:>A@>G=K5 :C@AK, @0A?@545;O5B 8 @0AAK;05B ?> 2A5< <0@89A:8< @09>=0< 038B0B>@>2. >4 @C:>2>4AB2>< A5:F88 2 @O4K  (1) 2ABC?0NB A;>8 154=59H53> :@5ABLO=AB20<a href="#_ftn3" name="_ftnref3"><span style="">3</span></a>. 0 70A540=8OE A5:F88 (B>;L:> 2 <05 1919 3>40 1K;> ?@>2545=> 10 70A540=89) @0AA<0B@820;8AL 2>?@>AK, A2O70==K5 A @01>B>9 2 45@52=5, ?>43>B>2:>9 :04@>2, CA8;5=85< 038B0F8>==>9 45OB5;L=>AB8 A@548 <0@89A:>3> =0A5;5=8O. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; "0:, 15 <0O A5:F8O @5H8;0 CAB@>8BL 4;O :@0A=>0@<59F52 <8B8=38 =0 B5<K: B> B0:>9 >;G0:, >AB>G=K9 D@>=B 8 B5:CI89 <><5=B. >:;04G8:0<8 1K;8 CE8=, CB5=8= 8 -H:8=8=.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  D52@0;5 1920 3>40 2 070=8 A>AB>O;8AL A5@>AA89A:>5 A>25I0=85 0:B820 <0@89A:8E ?0@B89=KE 8 A>25BA:8E @01>B=8:>2 8 A>25I0=85 <0@89A:>3> ?0@B89=>3> 0:B820. <5AB5 A A>@>:0 45;530B0<8 A5@>AA89A:>3> A>25I0=8O . . -H:8=8= 3>;>A>20; 70 @57>;NF88 ?> 04<8=8AB@0B82=><C 45;5=8N, A>25BA:><C AB@>8B5;LAB2C, =0@>4=><C ?@>A25I5=8N 8 4>H:>;L=><C 2>A?8B0=8N, H:>;L=><C 8 2=5H:>;L=><C >1@07>20=8N. #A?5H=>5 65 @0728B85 8 ?>4=OB85 :C;LBC@=>3> C@>2=O, >B<5G0;>AL 2 @57>;NF88 ?> 04<8=8AB@0B82=><C 45;5=8N, 2>7<>6=> B>;L:> 2 B>< A;CG05, :>340 =0A8;L=> @07@>7=5==K5 G0AB8 <0@89A:>3> =0A5;5=8O 1C4CB 2>AAB0=>2;5=K 2 A2>8E 1KB>2KE 8 MB=>3@0D8G5A:8E 3@0=8F0E... K?>;=5=85 2KH5C:070==>9 <5@K 2 A8;L=59H59 AB5?5=8 ?>428=5B ?@>A25I5==K5 <0AAK, 8 =5 1C45B ?@>8AE>48BL =01;N405<>3> B5?5@L @0A?K;5=8O ?5@54>2KE :C;LBC@=KE A8; <0@8<a href="#_ftn4" name="_ftnref4"><span style="">4</span></a>. $0:B8G5A:8 @5GL H;0 > =5>1E>48<>AB8 >1@07>20=8O 02B>=><=>9 >1;0AB8 <0@89A:>3> =0@>40. 16 17 D52@0;O ?@>E>48;> A>25I0=85 :><<C=8AB>2, CG0AB2>202H8E 2> A5@>AA89A:>< A>25I0=88 0:B820 <0@89A:8E ?0@B89=KE 8 A>25BA:8E @01>B=8:>2.  53> @01>B5 ?@8=O;8 CG0AB85 2A5 G;5=K <0@89A:>9 :><<C=8AB8G5A:>9 A5:F88 ?@8 3C1:><5 ?0@B88. . . ;5:A552 8 A. . 54@>20 @0AA:070;8 > 45OB5;L=>AB8 :><<C=8AB8G5A:>9 A5:F88. @><5 B>3>, =0 A>25I0=88 1K;8 70A;CH0=K 4>:;04K A <5AB. B45;L=K5 2KABC?;5=8O ?>A2OI0;8AL ?0@B89=>9 @01>B5 2 45@52=5 8 A@548 <0@89A:8E 65=I8=.  G8A;5 4@C38E @5H0;AO 2>?@>A >1 >@30=870F88 &5=B@0;L=>3> 1N@> <0@89A:8E :><<C=8AB8G5A:8E >@30=870F89.  53> A>AB02 1K;8 871@0=K . . ;5:A552, . . -H:8=8=, . . 54@>20, . $. 0=8;>2, B. . 5;LA:89. !>25I0=85 ?>@CG8;> &5=B@0;L=><C 1N@> ?>43>B>28BL A>7K2 A5@>AA89A:>3> AJ5740 <0@89A:8E :><<C=8AB>2. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A:>@5 <0@89A:0O A5:F8O ?@8 3C1:><5 ?0@B88 =0?@028;0 . . -H:8=8=0 4;O ?>AB>O==>9 @01>BK 2 ?>;8B>B45; 0?0A=>9 0@<88 @5A?C1;8:8, 345 >= 1K; 70G8A;5= 038B0B>@><->@30=870B>@>< ?> @01>B5 A@548 :@0A=>0@<59F52-<0@8. 7 0?0A=>9 0@<88, @0A:20@B8@>20==>9 2 070=8, <=>3>=0F8>=0;L=K5 G0AB8 =0?@02;O;8AL =0 1>@L1C ?@>B82 @0=35;O, 15;>?>;O:>2 8 4@C38E :>=B@@52>;NF8>==KE A8; 8 8=B5@25=B>2. A?><8=0O ?>;8B@01>BC A@548 :@0A=>0@<59F52, . . -H:8=8= ?>74=55 ?8A0;: <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  070=A:>< 30@=87>=5 B>;L:> >4=8E :@0A=>0@<59F52-<0@8 8=>340 4>E>48;> 4> 7 BKAOG G5;>25:. > 2K45;5=8O 2 ?>;8B>B45;5 A?5F80;L=>3> @01>B=8:0 A8AB5<0B8G5A:0O ?>;8B@01>B0 A@548 :@0A=>0@<59F52-<0@8 =5 25;0AL. ">;L:> >B 2@5<5=8 4> 2@5<5=8 ?> ?@>AL15 :@0A=>0@<59F52-<0@8 0@8A5:F8O ?@8 3C1:><5 CAB@0820;0 <8B8=38, 15A54K, :>=F5@BK, A?5:B0:;8... 01>B0 70B@C4=O;0AL B5<, GB> <0@89FK 45AOB:0<8, @54:> 100 150 G5;>25:, 1K;8 2:@0?;5=K 2 G0ABOE 30@=87>=0. 654=52=> ?@8E>48;>AL >1E>48BL ?5H:>< =5A:>;L:> G0AB59...<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 01>B0 2 30@=87>=5 1K;0 =5;53:0O. >GB8 :064K9 45=L >B?@02;O;8AL G0AB8 =0 D@>=BK, ?@>2>48;0AL :0<?0=8O >BG8A;5=8O >B :@0A=>0@<59A:8E ?09:>2 2 ?><>IL ?@><KH;5==K< F5=B@0<, @07JOA=5=85 B5:CI53> <><5=B0  25745 4>;65= 1KBL 038B0B>@. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0A:>;L:> @01>B0 1K;0 =0?@O65=0 (=5 E20B0;> @01>B=8:>2, 0 ?>43>B>2;5==K5 @01>B=8:8 1K;8 =0 D@>=B0E 8 B.4.) 284=> 87 A;54CNI53>.  A2O78 A @0725@BK20=85< ?>;LA:>3> D@>=B0 ?> ?>@CG5=8N ?>;8B>B45;0 <=>N 1K;8 >@30=87>20=K 4;O 15 :@0A=>0@<59F52-<0@8 ?>;8B:C@AK, 345 2 B5G5=85 ?>GB8 ?>;CB>@0 <5AOF52 87> 4=O 2 45=L ?> 2A59 ?@>3@0<<5 ?@8E>48;>AL G8B0BL ;5:F88 >4=><C. 57C;LB0BK :C@A>2 A:070;8AL 2 B><, GB> 87 15 :C@A0=B>2 7 2ABC?8;8 2 @O4K  (1)<a href="#_ftn5" name="_ftnref5"><span style="">5</span></a>. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  B@C4=K5 4;O AB@0=K 4=8 038B0F8>==>-<0AA>2CN @01>BC A@548 :@0A=>0@<59F52 070=A:>3> 30@=87>=0 25;8 8 4@C385 A>B@C4=8:8 <0@89A:>9 A5:F88 ?@8 3C1:><5 ?0@B88. >A;5 :064>3> <8B8=30 >=8 A ?><>ILN ABC45=B>2-<0@89F52 CAB@0820;0 :>=F5@BK 8;8 AB028;8 A?5:B0:;8. ><8<> 2KABC?;5=89,  ?8A0;0 . . 54@>20, =5@54:> O A0<0 CG0AB2>20;0 :0: 0:B5@ 8;8 ACD;5@. @0A=>0@<59FK 2A5340 >AB020;8AL 4>2>;L=K<8<a href="#_ftn6" name="_ftnref6"><span style="">6</span></a>. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; #G8BK20O ?>65;0=8O :><<C=8AB>2, &5=B@0;L=K9 ><8B5B ?0@B88 @07@5H8; A>740BL A5@>AA89A:CN :>=D5@5=F8N <0@89A:8E :><<C=8AB>2.  >=0 A>AB>O;0AL 20 24 8N;O 1920 3>40 2 070=8.  55 @01>B5 A0<>5 0:B82=>5 CG0AB85 ?@8=8<0; . . -H:8=8=. <5AB5 A . . CE8=K< >= 1K; >4=8< 87 >A=>2=KE 4>:;04G8:>2 > ?0@B89=>< AB@>8B5;LAB25 8 @01>B5 A@548 =0A5;5=8O. #G0AB=8:8 :>=D5@5=F88 ?@8=O;8 B578AK >1 >1@07>20=88 0@89A:>9 >1;0AB8 8 5I5 @07 2KA:070;8AL 70 F5;5A>>1@07=>ABL A>740=8O &5=B@0;L=>3> <0@89A:>3> 1N@> ?@8 >B45;5 ?@>?030=4K 2 038B0F88 &  (1). . . -H:8=8=0, >4=>3> 87 @C:>2>48B5;59 <0@89A:>9 A5:F88 ?@8 070=A:>< 3C1:><5 ?0@B88, 225;8 2 A>AB02 1N@>. 5H5=85< @31N@>  (1) >B 25 >:BO1@O 1920 3>40 B0:>5 1N@> 1K;> A>740=>.  53> A>AB02 2>H;8 !. . '5@=O:>2, (?@54A540B5;L), . $. CB5=8=, . . -H:8=8=.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  O=20@5 1921 3>40 . . -H:8=8= 2K5E0; 2 >A:2C =0 ?>AB>O==CN @01>BC 2 4>;6=>AB8 >B25BAB25==>3> A5:@5B0@O &5=B@0;L=>3> 1N@> <0@8 ?@8 &  (1).  B5G5=85 B@5E ;5B >= ?@>2>48; B0< 1>;LHCN >@30=870F8>==CN @01>BC. 0 ?5@2KE ?>@0E 1N@> =5?>A@54AB25==> 2>73;028;> ?0@B89=>5 @C:>2>4AB20 ?> A>740=8N 0@89A:>9 02B>=><=>9 >1;0AB8.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 070=A:89 ?5@8>4 @01>BK =4@5O 0@?>28G0 7=0<5=0B5;5= 8 B5<, GB> 2 MB> 2@5<O =0G0;0AL 53> 6C@=0;8ABA:0O 45OB5;L=>ABL. -H:8=8= ?>445@6820; B5A=CN A2O7L A F5=B@0;L=K<8 3075B0<8 8 6C@=0;0<8.  :>340 @0AA<0B@820;0AL :0=4840BC@0 :>@@5A?>=45=B0, ?@8720==>3> >A25I0BL ?0@B89=CN 687=L 0@89A:>9 >1;0AB=>9 >@30=870F88 2 3075B5 @0240, 1K;> =0720=> 8<O =4@5O 0@?>28G0.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 5@2K5 70<5B:8 8 AB0BL8 . . -H:8=8=0 ?>O28;8AL 5I5 2 1918 3>4C =0 AB@0=8F0E 3075BK 070=A:>3> !>25B0 @01>G8E 8 A>;40BA:8E 45?CB0B>2 =0<O @52>;NF88, A>740==>9 28 >:BO1@O 1917 3>40.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; >;8B>B45; ?@8 522>5=A>25B5 0?0A=>9 0@<88 @5A?C1;8:8 874020; 3075BC @0A=K9 1>5F. 0 55 AB@0=8F0E 2A5 G0I5 AB0;8 ?>O2;OBLAO 70<5B:8 -H:8=8=0. = ?8A0; > @01>B5, ?@>2>48<>9 A@548 :@0A=>0@<59F52, > 2>A?8B0=88 8E 2 4CE5 ?@>;5B0@A:>3> 8=B5@=0F8>=0;87<0 8 ?> 4@C38< 2>?@>A0<<a href="#_ftn7" name="_ftnref7"><span style="">7</span></a>. 3> B0;0=B 6C@=0;8AB0 ?@>O28;AO =0 AB@0=8F0E 3075BK >H:0@ :5G5 (@0A=K9 45=L) 8 6C@=0;0 # 8;KH (>20O 687=L). >H:0@ :5G5 874020;0AL 2 070=8 A 1 >:BO1@O 1918 3>40. >GB8 A ?5@2KE =><5@>2 0:B82=K< :>@@5A?>=45=B>< MB>9 1>;LH528ABA:>9 3075BK AB0; . . -H:8=8=. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  45:01@5 1918 3>40 1K;0 >?C1;8:>20=0 AB0BLO 04> ;8 27OBL E;51 =0 CG5B. 2B>@ ?>4?8A0;AO ?A524>=8<>< >@0<0A. -B> 1K; . . -H:8=8=. A>15==> @53C;O@=> 2KABC?0; >= 2 ?5G0B8 2 1920 3>4C, :>340 @01>B0; 2 <0@89A:>9 A5:F88 ?@8 070=A:>< 3C1:><5  (1). . -H:8=8= ?>4=8<0; =0 AB@0=8F0E 3075BK @07;8G=K5 2>?@>AK, => 1>;LH5 2A53> ?8A0; > 687=8 @>4=>3> =0@>40. 1 MB>< 3>2>@8B ?@>AB>5 ?5@5G8A;5=85 703>;>2:>2 AB0B59: 1 >1J548=5=88 <0@89A:>3> =0@>40 (15 8N=O), 20 D@>=B0 (15 >:BO1@O), 0G5< A>7405BAO 0@89A:0O >1;0ABL (17 45:01@O), 0@89FK 84CB : A2>1>4=>9 687=8 (22 45:01@O) 8 4@C385.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 5B>< 1921 3>40, 1C4CG8 @01>B=8:>< 0??0@0B0 & ?0@B88, . . -H:8=8= @0725@=C; 1>;LHCN @01>BC ?> ?>43>B>2:5 8 ?@>2545=8N 2B>@>9 A5@>AA89A:>9 :>=D5@5=F88 <0@89A:8E :><<C=8AB>2. 725I5=85 > 55 A>7K25 1K;> >?C1;8:>20=> 2 3075B5 87=L =0F8>=0;L=>AB59 14 <0O 70 ?>4?8ALN A5:@5B0@O & ?0@B88 . . /@>A;02A:>3> 8 A5:@5B0@O &5=B@0;L=>3> 1N@> <0@8 . . -H:8=8=0. 075B0 ?8A0;0, GB> =0 MB>9 :>=D5@5=F88 ?@54AB>8B @5H8BL >@30=870F8>==K5, 038B0F8>==>-?@>?030=48ABA:85 2>?@>AK, @07@01>B0BL ?;0= ?@0:B8G5A:>9 @01>BK A@548 :@5ABLO=. >=D5@5=F8O A>AB>O;0AL 18 20 8N=O 2 @0A=>:>:H09A:5. 1AC482 2>?@>AK > =M?5 8 =0F8>=0;L=>9 ?>;8B8:5 !>25BA:>9 2;0AB8, CG0AB=8:8 >4>1@8;8 @5H5=8O X AJ5740 ?0@B88 8 2K@078;8 A2>N @5H8<>ABL ?@>2>48BL 8E 2 687=L. . -H:8=8= >?C1;8:>20; 2 3075B5 >H:0@ :5G5 AB0BLN > A>AB>O2H59AO :>=D5@5=F88 8 ?@8=OBKE =0 =59 @5H5=8OE.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; =4@59 0@?>28G =5>4=>:@0B=> ?@85760; 87 >A:2K 2 @0A=>:>:H09A:.  :064K9 @07 8=B5@5A>20;AO =C640<8 <5AB=>9 ?5G0B8, >:070; 1>;LHCN ?><>IL 2 A>740=88 2 3>@>45 B8?>3@0D88. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0@89A:0O A5:F8O ?@8 38B?@>?>B45;5 &  (1) A 0?@5;O 1922 3>40 AB0;0 874020BL A2>9 6C@=0;. = 2KE>48; ?>4 =0720=85< # 8;KH (>20O 687=L). 5@2K9 53> =><5@ 2KH5; 2 070=8. 540:F8O 6C@=0;0 ?8A0;0, GB> # 8;KH 4>;65= 1KBL =0AB>;L=>9 :=83>9 <0@89A:>3> 038B0B>@0 8 :C;LBC@=>3> @01>B=8:0. @>3@0<<0 6C@=0;0 2:;NG0;0 A;54CNI85 @0745;K: 565<5AOG=K9 >17>@ <564C=0@>4=>3> ?>;>65=8O 8 2=CB@5==59 687=8 !$! , !?CB=8: 038B0B>@0, <0B5@80;K ?> ?@>A25I5=8N, 74@02>>E@0=5=8N, !B@0=8FK G8B0B5;O, 5;;5B@8AB8:0 8 ?>M78O, @01>B0 <0@89A:8E A5:F89 ?@8 F5=B@0;L=KE CG@5645=8OE 8 4@. B>@20==>ABL 8740=8O 6C@=0;0 >B A0<>9 A5:F88 >B@8F0B5;L=> A:07K20;0AL =0 A>45@60=88 ?5@2KE 53> =><5@>2 8 =0 53> @0A?@>AB@0=5=88. ! 0?@5;O 1923 3>40 >= AB0; 2K?CA:0BLAO 2 >A:25 8 ?@>ACI5AB2>20; 4> 8N;O 1927 3>40. 5@2K< 53> @540:B>@>< 1K; . . -H:8=8=. <5AB5 A =8< 2 8740=88 6C@=0;0 0:B82=> CG0AB2>20;8 . . 54@>20, . . CE8=, . . >@>1L52, . . >;C1:8=, . . @;>2.  >D>@<;5=88 ?5@2>3> =><5@0 # 8;KH ?@8=O; CG0AB85 EC4>6=8: . . @83>@L52. >73;02;O;8 >B45;K . . -H:8=8= (?0@B89=>-A>25BA:89), . . ><0=>2 (?@>A25I5=85), . . 5B@>2 (M:>=><8G5A:89), . . >A>;>2 (A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2>), !. . .H:0= (<>;>456=K9) 8 4@C385 0:B828ABK. >4 @C:>2>4AB2>< . . -H:8=8=0 6C@=0; 874020;AO 4> 1924 3>40 2?;>BL 4> 53> >BJ5740 =0 ?>AB>O==CN @01>BC 2 0@89A:CN 02B>=><=CN >1;0ABL. # 8;KH =0G0; 2KE>48BL 2 B@C4=K9 4;O 0@89A:>9 02B>=><=>9 >1;0AB8 ?5@8>4. >A;54AB28O 3>;>4=>3> 3>40 >B@8F0B5;L=> A:070;8AL =0 @0728B88 2A53> =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20. C@=0;, A ?5@2KE =><5@>2 ?@87K20; :@5ABLO= >1;0AB8 ?@5>4>;5BL MB8 B@C4=>AB8, 25AB8 A5;LA:>5 E>7O9AB2> ?>-=>2><C. >A 02B>@8B5B 6C@=0;0, >= AB0; ;N18<K< ?5G0B=K< 8740=85< <0@89A:>3> =0@>40. 8A0B5;L . (:5B0= 2 >4=>< 87 A2>8E ?8A5< A 3>@4>ABLN >B<5G0;: 04C5<AO, GB> C =0A 5ABL # 8;KH! <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0 53> AB@0=8F0E >?C1;8:>20=> =5<0;> AB0B59 8 :>@@5A?>=45=F88 =4@5O -H:8=8=0. ;0<5==K< ?0@B89=K< A;>2>< >= 2>>4CH52;O; G8B0B5;59, @07JOA=O; B@C4OI8<AO ?>;8B8:C ?0@B88 8 ?@028B5;LAB20. @54AB02;ONB 8=B5@5A 53> AB0BL8 > AB0=>2;5=88 ?5G0B8 <0@89A:>3> =0@>40, @0728B88 :C;LBC@K. "0:, 2> 2B>@>< B@5BL5< =><5@0E 70 1923 3>4, 8=D>@<8@CO > @01>B5 <0@89A:>9 A5:F88 ?@8 38B?@>?>B45;5 &  (1), . -H:8=8= C45;8; 1>;LH>5 2=8<0=85 8740=8N :=83 =0 @>4=>< O7K:5. 540:F8>==K5 AB0BL8 >H:0@ :5G5  3075B0 2A53> <0@89A:>3> =0@>40,  ?OB8;5B8N 3075BK >H:0@ :5G5 B0:65 1K;8 =0?8A0=K . -H:8=8=K<.  2 AB0BL5 (5ABL ;5B, >?C1;8:>20==>9 2 ! 7 8 70 1923 3>4, >= @0AA:070; > ?CBOE @0728B8O <0@89A:>9 ?5G0B8 ?>A;5 :BO1@LA:>9 @52>;NF88.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; > @5H5=8N @31N@> &  (1) >B 21 45:01@O 1923 3>40 =4@59 0@?>28G ?@81K; =0 ?>AB>O==CN @01>BC 2 @0A=>:>:H09A:. 45AL >= AB0; 70254>20BL >B45;>< ?@>?030=4K 8 038B0F88 >1;0AB=>3> :><8B5B0 ?0@B88. 4=>2@5<5==>, A <0@B0 1924 3>40, >= @540:B>@ <0@89A:>9 3075BK >H:0@ :5G5 (>=0 874020;0AL 2 @0A=>:>:H09A:5 A 27 =>O1@O 1921 3>40), 0 2 =>O1@5 1924 3>40 @540:B>@ @CAA:>9 3075BK 0@89A:0O 45@52=O. 5;53:> 1K;> A>2<5I0BL 2A5 MB8 4>;6=>AB8 A@07C, => . . -H:8=8= E>@>H> A?@02;O;AO A =8<8. 3> 45OB5;L=>ABL A?>A>1AB2>20;0 40;L=59H5<C @0728B8N 2A59 038B0F8>==>-?@>?030=48ABA:>9 @01>BK 2 >1;0AB8, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 ?0@B89=>9 A>25BA:>9 ?5G0B8.  >BG5B5 038B?@>?>B45;0 >1:><0 ?0@B88 70 1924 3>4 ?>4G5@:820;>AL 7=0G8B5;L=>5 C;CGH5=85 A>45@60=8O >158E >1;0AB=KE 3075B, C25;8G5=85 G8A;0 ?>4?8AG8:>2 8 ?>ABC?82H8E 2 @540:F88 ?8A5<. A;8 @0=LH5 ?>ABC?0;> 2 =545;N =5 1>;55 10 15 :>@@5A?>=45=F88, B> : =0G0;C 1925 3>40  ?> 150 160. >;8G5AB2> ?>AB>O==KE :>@@5A?>=45=B>2 4>AB83;> ?OB845AOB8. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; =0<5=0B5;L=K< A>1KB85< 1K;> ?@>2545=85 ?5@2>3> >1;0AB=>3> AJ5740 <0@89A:8E :>@@5A?>=45=B>2 2 O=20@5 1925 3>40. !> 2ABC?8B5;L=K< A;>2>< >1@0B8;AO : CG0AB=8:0< @540:B>@ 3075BK >H:0@ :5G5 . . -H:8=8=. >A;5 ?@825BAB289 ?@54AB028B5;59 ?0@B89=KE 8 >1I5AB25==KE >@30=870F89, 0 B0:65 A5;L:>@0-?>MB0 . !. CE8=0 =0G0;8AL 4>:;04K. 20 87 =8E (564C=0@>4=>5 8 2=CB@5==55 ?>;>65=85 !>25BA:>9 >AA88 8 >;>65=85 <0@89A:>9 ?5G0B8) A45;0; . . -H:8=8=. #G0AB=8:8 AJ5740 7025@8;8, GB> >=8 2<5AB5 A> 2A5< A>25BA:8< =0@>4>< ?>94CB ?> ?CB8, C:070==><C ;048<8@>< ;L8G59 5=8=K<, GB> B>;L:> ><<C=8AB8G5A:0O ?0@B8O ?@82545B : AG0AB;82>9 687=8.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; C4CG8 @540:B>@>< 3075B >H:0@ :5G5 8 0@89A:0O 45@52=O . . -H:8=8= 0:B82=> CG0AB2>20; 2 8740=88 ?5@2KE A0B8@8G5A:8E 6C@=0;>2 @;0= 45= 5AB5= (%><O: 8 C18=CH:0) 8 C18=CH:0. A;8 ?5@2K9 1K; ?@8;>65=85< : <0@89A:>9 3075B5, B> 2B>@>9 874020;AO 3075B>9 0@89A:0O 45@52=O.  B5G5=85 42CE ;5B 2KH;> =5A:>;L:> =><5@>2 6C@=0;>2. 0@O4C A 8E 2K?CA:>< . . -H:8=8= 2 1926 3>4C AB0; 8=8F80B>@>< A>740=8O ;8B5@0BC@=>-EC4>65AB25==>3> 6C@=0;0 # 289 (>20O A8;0).<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; = ?@>@01>B0; @540:B>@>< 3075BK 0@89A:0O 45@52=O 4> 1928 3>40, 0 @540:B>@>< >H:0@ :5G5 4> 1929 3>40. OBL ;5B @540:B>@A:>9 @01>BK  MB> 45AOB:8 AB0B59 8 >G5@:>2 8 0 AB@0=8F0E >1;0AB=KE 3075B ?> @07;8G=K< 2>?@>A0<, 2AB@5G8 A @01>G8<8 8 A5;LA:8<8 :>@@5A?>=45=B0<8, 4>:;04K 8 2KABC?;5=8O =0 AJ5740E 8 A>25I0=8OE @01A5;L:>@>2. 0 MB> 2@5<O 8E @O4K 2K@>A;8 4> 700 G5;>25:. =>385 :>@@5A?>=45=BK =5 1K;8 7=0:><K A 3075B=>9 @01>B>9. !B@5<OAL ?><>GL <>;>4K< @01A5;L:>@0<, . . -H:8=8= 2 1929 3>4C 2K?CAB8; :=83C >;>A A5;L:>@0. 7-?>4 ?5@0 =4@5O 0@?>28G0 2KE>4OB 8 4@C385 >@838=0;L=K5 8 ?5@52>4=K5 :=838 =0 >1I5AB25==>-?>;8B8G5A:85 8 =0CG=>-0B58AB8G5A:85 B5<K.  &5=B@0;L=>< 8740B5;LAB25 =0@>4>2 !!!  (>A:20) 2KH;0 53> :=830 >O2;5=85 8 @0A?@>AB@0=5=85 ?@02>A;02=>9 25@K. !@548 4@C38E :=83 <>6=> =0720BL A;54CNI85: 48==04F0BL ;5B AB@>8B5;LAB20 A>F80;87<0 2 0@89A:>9 >1;0AB8, >B>28<AO : 70I8B5 !!!  >B 2@03>2, >AL<>5 <0@B0, ><C =C65= ?@074=8: >645AB20.  ?5@52>45 . -H:8=8=0 2KH;8 @>3@0<<0 >AA89A:>9 ><<C=8AB8G5A:>9 ?0@B88, 71C:0 :><<C=87<0, 0728B85 :>>?5@0F88 2 !>25BA:>9 >AA88 8 4@C385 :=838.  :>=F5 1921 3>40 A F5;LN 2A5AB>@>==53> ?>:070 687=8 =0@>4=>AB59 !>25BA:>9 @5A?C1;8:8 0@>4=K9 :><8AA0@80B ?> 45;0< =0F8>=0;L=>AB59 !$!  ?@8ABC?8; : ?>43>B>2:5 A?5F80;L=>3> A1>@=8:0, :>B>@K9 4>;65= 1K; 2K9B8 2 :0=C= IX A5@>AA89A:>3> AJ5740 !>25B>2. >B>28;> <0B5@80;K1 4;O A1>@=8:0 8 0@89A:>5 ?@54AB028B5;LAB2>. =8 1K;8 ?>A;0=K 2 8=D>@<0F8>==K9 >B45; 0@:><=0F0. 2B>@>< :@0B:>3> >G5@:0 8AB>@88 <0@89A:>3> =0@>40 1K; . . -H:8=8=. = 65 =0?8A0; >G5@:8 > 0@89A:>9 02B>=><=>9 >1;0AB8, 55 M:>=><8G5A:>9 687=8 8 :C;LBC@5. -B8 <0B5@80;K =5 C2845;8 A25B ?>;=>ABLN, ?> G0ABO< >=8 1K;8 >?C1;8:>20=K 2 @07=KE A1>@=8:0E. 0?@8<5@, 2 2K?CI5==>9 : ?OB>9 3>4>2I8=5 5;8:>3> :BO1@O :=835 OBL ;5B 2;0AB8 !>25B>2 =5A:>;L:> AB@0=8F ?>A2OI0;8AL 0@89A:>9 02B>=><=>9 >1;0AB8. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  1923 3>4C 2<5AB> 3075BK 87=L =0F8>=0;L=>AB59 ?>4 B0:8< 65 =0720=85< AB0; 874020BLAO 6C@=0;. KH;> ?OBL =><5@>2.  ?5@2>< 87 =8E 70 ?>4?8ALN :?09 091;>B 1K;0 =0?5G0B0=0 1>;LH0O AB0BLO > 0@89A:>9 02B>=><=>9 >1;0AB8. -B> 1K; ?A524>=8< =4@5O -H:8=8=0. >74=55 2 6C@=0;5 # 8;KH ?>O28;AO 53> @0AA:07 70 ?>4?8ALN :?09.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; . . -H:8=8= CG0AB2>20; 2 ?>43>B>2:5, @540:B8@>20=89 A?5F80;L=KE A1>@=8:>2 : 5-9, 10-9, 8 15-9 3>4>2I8=0< 0@89A:>9 02B>=><=>9 >1;0AB8. !@548 <0B5@80;>2, >?C1;8:>20==KE 2 MB8E :=830E, 5ABL 8 53> >G5@:8: ><<C=8AB8G5A:>5 42865=85 A@548 <0@8 (1926), !B@0=8FK 87 8AB>@88 <0@89A:>3> =0@>40 (=0?8A0= 2 A>02B>@AB25 A . . CE8=K<), 0H0 ?5G0BL (1936 3.).<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;  =0G0;5 1929 3>40, :>340 @0725@=C;0AL 3830=BA:0O @01>B0 ?> >ACI5AB2;5=8N ?5@2>3> ?OB8;5B=53> ?;0=0 8 2 @07=KE @09>=0E AB@0=K ?@8ABC?8;8 : AB@>8B5;LAB2C :@C?=KE ?@><KH;5==KE >1J5:B>2, . . -H:8=8=, AB@5<OAL 1KBL >G5284F5< 25;8:8E AB@>5:, 35@>8G5A:>3> B@C40 @01>G53> :;0AA0, >1@0I05BAO 2 ?0@B89=CN >@30=870F8N A ?@>AL1>9 @07@5H8BL 5<C 2K574 2 86=89 >23>@>4,. O4 B>20@8I59 70 ?OBL ;5B, ?8A0; >= 2 A2>5< 70O2;5=88, CA?5;8 ?>1K20BL 2 4@C38E >@30=870F8OE, 2 2C70E, =0 :C@A0E. / >:070;AO >4=8< 87 B5E, :>B>@K5 4;8B5;L=K9 A@>: =0E>4OBAO 2 >4=>9 >@30=870F88...<a href="#_ftn8" name="_ftnref8"><span style="">8</span></a> #G8BK20O 65;0=85 =4@5O 0@?>28G0, >1:>< ?0@B88 ?5@525; 53> 2 86=89 >23>@>4.  2A:>@5 >= AB0; >4=8< 87 A>B@C4=8:>2 @540:F88 :@052>9 3075BK 8653>@>4A:0O ?@0240, 0 G5@57 3>4 @01>B0; =0 :@C?=59H5< 702>45 @0A=>5 !>@<>2>.  53> 45;>2KE :0G5AB20E A2845B5;LAB2C5B E0@0:B5@8AB8:0, ?>4?8A0==0O A5:@5B0@5< ?0@B89=>9 OG59:8 702>4>C?@02;5=8O: ">2. -H:8=8= 2 A2>59 @01>B5 F5;8:>< 8 ?>;=>ABLN ?@>2>48; 35=5@0;L=CN ;8=8N (1). @>O2;O; 8=8F80B82C 2 @01>B5 8 B>20@8I5A:85 2708<>>B=>H5=8O<a href="#_ftn9" name="_ftnref9"><span style="">9</span></a>. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1I5=85 A @01:>@0<8 ?@><KH;5==>3> 3>@>40, >A>15==> A :>@01;5AB@>8B5;O<8, =5 ?@>H;> 15AA;54=> 4;O . . -H:8=8=0.  1930 3>4C >= =0?8A0; 4>:C<5=B0;L=K9 >G5@: @0A=>5 !>@<>2> 8 >?C1;8:>20; 53> 2 6C@=0;5 # 289, 0 ?>B>< 8740; >B45;L=>9 :=83>9. -B> O28;>AL :0: 1K >B:;8:>< =0 ?@87K2 . >@L:>3> > A>740=88 EC4>65AB25==KE ?>;>B5= 87 687=8 @01>G53> :;0AA0.  8AB>@88 <0@89A:>9 ;8B5@0BC@K >G5@: @0A=>5 !>@<>2> O28;AO 7=0<5=0B5;L=>9 25E>9. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0: B>;L:> =4@59 0@?>28G 2>72@0B8;AO 2 @>4=CN >1;0ABL, 53> =07=0G8;8 70254CNI8< 0@89A:>3> :=86=>3> 8740B5;LAB20.  ?5@2K5 65 4=8 A2>59 @01>BK >= <>18;87>20; 2A5 A8;K 4;O 2K?>;=5=8O 3>AC40@AB25==>3> ?;0=0. 5OB5;L=>ABL 8740B5;LAB20 ?@>E>48;0 ?>4 =5>A;01=K< :>=B@>;5< ?0@B89=>9 >@30=870F88. >?@>A >1 8740=88 <0AA>2>-?>;8B8G5A:>9 8 A>F80;L=>-M:>=><8G5A:>9 ;8B5@0BC@K =5 @07 >1AC640;AO =0 70A540=88 1N@> >1:><0 ?0@B88.  MB>B ?5@8>4 @01>BK . . -H:8=8= 0:B82=> CG0AB2C5B 2 687=8 <>;>4>9 ?8A0B5;LA:>9 >@30=870F88 >1;0AB8. >340 >1AC640;AO 2>?@>A >1 >@30=870F88 0@89A:>9 0AA>F80F88 ?@>;5B0@A:8E ?8A0B5;59, 53> 871@0;8 ?@54A540B5;5< ?@02;5=8O . = @540:B8@>20; 6C@=0; # 289. 1@0I0OAL 2 >1:>< ?0@B88, . . -H:8=8= 2=>A8; :>=:@5B=K5 ?@54;>65=8O ?> >682;5=8N @01>BK ?8A0B5;LA:>9 >@30=870F88, 0 5A;8 2 >B45;L=KE ?@>872545=8OE 2AB@5G0;0AL GC640O 845>;>38O, 4020; 59 @5H8B5;L=K9 >B?>@- 0 ?5@2>9 :>=D5@5=F88 <0@89A:8E ?8A0B5;59 2 <05 1931 3>40 . . -H:8=8=, 1C4CG8 >4=8< 87 >A=>2=KE 4>:;04G8:>2, 3>2>@8; > A>AB>O=88 <0@89A:>9 ;8B5@0BC@K. >A;5 2KE>40 ?>AB0=>2;5=8O & (1)  ?5@5AB@>9:5 ;8B5@0BC@=>-EC4>65AB25==KE >@30=870F89 1K; A>740= >@3:><8B5B <0@89A:>9 ;8B5@0BC@=>-EC4>65AB25==>9 >@30=870F88.  53> A>AB02 1K; 22545= 8 . . -H:8=8=. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ;>4>B2>@=0O @01>B0 =4@5O 0@?>28G0 2 <0@89A:>< :@05 1K;0 ?@5@20=0 53> ?5@52>4>< 2 7>2>-'5@=><>@A:89 :@09, 345 >= >:>;> 42CE ;5B @01>B0; @540:B>@>< 3075BK 75@=>A>2E>70 830=B. >B>< 53> >B>720;8 2 0@89A:CN >1;0ABL G5@57 &  (1) >?@>A > 2>72@0I5=88 . . -H:8=8=0 2 0@89A:CN ?0@B89=CN >@30=870F8N 1K; @0AA<>B@5= 1N@> >1:><0 8 <0O 1935 3>40.  A>2E>75 830=B . . -H:8=8= 0:B82=> CG0AB2>20; 2 687=8 ?0@B>@30=870F88, 2 ?@>2545=88 @07;8G=KE <5@>?@8OB89: 2K1>@K 2 !>25BK, GB5=85 ;5:F89, >@30=870F8O A>1@0=89 @01:>@>2 8 @540:B>@>2 AB5==KE 3075B.  3075B5 ?>O2;O;8AL 53> AB0BL8, :>@@5A?>=45=F88 8 70<5B:8 > 687=8 ?@>A;02;5==>3> A>2E>70.  D52@0;5 1935 3>40 . . -H:8=8= CG0AB2>20; 2 :@052>< A;5B5 @01A5;L:>@>2. > 8=8F80B825 @540:B>@0 3075BK ?@8 @540:F88 1K; A>740= 8 @01>B0; ;8B:@C6>:, ?@>O2;O;0AL 1>;LH0O 701>B0 > B2>@G5AB25 <>;>4KE 02B>@>2. 0 8 A0< =4@59 0@?>28G =0 AB@0=8F0E 3075BK =5@54:> 2KABC?0; A <0B5@80;0<8 =0 ;8B5@0BC@=K5 B5<K, ?8A0; D5;L5B>=K, @5F5=788 =0 ?L5AK 8 A?5:B0:;8, CG0AB2>20; 2 >@30=870F88 A>2E>7=>3> <C75O. >340 G8B05HL AB@>:8 87 ?@825BAB28O . . @56=520 :>;;5:B82C 42064K >@45=>=>A=>3> 75@=>A>2E>70 830=B !0;LA:>3> @09>=0 >AB>2A:>9 >1;0AB8: 0 2A5E MB0?0E A>F80;8AB8G5A:>3> AB@>8B5;LAB20 A>2E>7 830=B 1K; >1@07F>< 2545=8O :@C?=>3> A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==>3> ?@>872>4AB20, B> 4C<05HL 8 > 2:;045, :>B>@K9 2=5A . . -H:8=8= 2 @0728B85 A>2E>70, @01>B0O 2 1934 1935 3>40E @540:B>@>< 3075BK 830=B. >A;54=89 =><5@ 55, ?>4?8A0==K9 =4@55< -H:8=8=K<, 2KH5; 20 45:01@O 1935 3>40. '5@57 =545;N >= 1K; CB25@645= 70254CNI8< 0@89A:8< 3>AC40@AB25==K< 8740B5;LAB2><. <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0G0;AO 2B>@>9 ?5@8>4 @01>BK =4@5O 0@?>28G0 =0 MB>< ?>ABC.  =0 MB>B @07 . . -H:8=8= ?@>O2;O; 701>BC >1 C;CGH5=88 45OB5;L=>AB8 0@89A:>3> 8740B5;LAB20. 16 <0@B0 1936 3>40 >1:><  (1) >1AC48; 53> 4>:;04 1 8740B5;LA:>9 @01>B5. > @5:><5=40F88 70254CNI53> C:@5?;ONBAO :04@K @540:B>@>2, 2 G0AB=>AB8 3;02=K< @540:B>@>< 1K; 2K428=CB >?KB=K9 ?0@B89=K9 @01>B=8: 8 6C@=0;8AB . . >;C1:8=. =4@59 0@?>28G 4>1820;AO, GB>1K 2 :064>9 181;8>B5:5, 8715-G8B0;L=5 8 :@0A=>< C3>;:5 1K;0 ?@54AB02;5=0 ?>;8B8G5A:0O, A5;LA:>E>7O9AB25==0O 8 EC4>65AB25==0O ;8B5@0BC@0 =0 @>4=>< O7K:5. C;LBC@=>9, 7068B>G=>9 :>;E>7=>9 45@52=5 8 @01>G8< =5>1E>48<> 40BL ;8B5@0BC@C 8 B5< A0<K< ?>4=OBL :C;LBC@C <0AA =0 =>2CN ABC?5=L,  ?8A0; >= 2 3075B5 0@89A:0O ?@0240 8 0?@5;O 1936 3>40.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; > ?>A;54=8E 4=59 A2>59 @01>BK >= 1K; B5A=> A2O70= A ?5@8>48G5A:>9 ?5G0BLN. 3> AB0BL8, >G5@:8, @0AA:07K ?>O2;O;8AL 2 6C@=0;0E. 0B5@80;K -H:8=8=0 ?5G0B0;8 >1;0AB=K5 3075BK. = ?8A0; >1 C;CGH5=88 :=83>8740B5;LA:>3> 45;0, > ?>2KH5=88 8459=>-?>;8B8G5A:>3> >1@07>20=8O :><<C=8AB>2, @0728B88 EC4>65AB25==>9 ;8B5@0BC@K 8 > B2>@G5AB25 >B45;L=KE <0@89A:8E ?8A0B5;59. =4@59 0@?>28G E>B5; 8 A0< A>740BL 1>;LH>5 EC4>65AB25==>5 ?>;>B=> > B><, :0: N=>H0 87 ?@>AB>9 <0@89A:>9 45@52=8, ABC?82 =0 ?CBL @52>;NF88, 2AB0; 2 @O4K :><<C=8AB>2. > 53> B2>@G5A:8< ?;0=0< =5 AC645=> 1K;> A1KBLAO. 11 0?@5;O 1937 3>40 >= 2K=C645= 1K; >AB028BL ;N18<CN @01>BC. 10 <0O 1938 3>40 ?5@5AB0;> 18BLAO A5@4F5 . . -H:8=8=0. AN A2>N A>7=0B5;L=CN 687=L >= ?>A2OB8; B@C4>2><C =0@>4C :0: A?5F80;8AB =0@>4=>3> E>7O9AB20 8 ?0@B89=K9 @01>B=8:, 6C@=0;8AB, ?C1;8F8AB 8 ?8A0B5;L. =4@59 0@?>28G E>B5; 2845BL <0@89A:89 :@09 ?@>F25B0NI8<, A @0728B>9 ?@><KH;5==>ABLN, A5;LA:8< E>7O9AB2>< 8 :C;LBC@>9. -B><C >= >B4020; 2A5 A2>8 A8;K, 7=0=8O 8 687=5==K9 >?KB.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 <0@B0 1979 3>40 8A?>;:>< >H:0@-;8=A:>3> 3>@>4A:>3> !>25B0 =0@>4=KE 45?CB0B>2 ?@8A2>8; >4=>9 87 =>2KE C;8F 2 <8:@>@09>=5 !><10BE59 8<O =4@5O -H:8=8=0.<p align="justify">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 0<OBL > A;02=>< AK=5 <0@89A:>3> =0@>40 =02A5340 >AB0=5BAO 2 A5@4F0E A>25BA:8E ;N459.<p align="right"><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; . ! </strong> <p align="justify">&nbsp;</p> <hr> <h3 align="justify">!=>A:8:</h3> <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1"><span style="">1</span></a> @0A=K9 2>8=, 1919, 1 <0O.</p> <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref2" name="_ftn2"><span style="">2</span></a> -H:8=8= . 1905 3>4 2 H:>;5. 0@89A:0O 45@52=O, 1925, 5 45:01@O.</p> <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref3" name="_ftn3"><span style="">3</span></a> -H:8=8= . 0@89 :>:;0HB5 :><<C=8AB H0@;K<5 ( 0ABCB @O4K :><<C=8AB>2 A@548 <0@8).  :=.: 0@89 :C=45<;0= 5 89, @0A=>:>:H09A:, 1926, A. 8; ><<C=8AB8G5A:>5 42865=85 A@548 <0@8.  :=.: 5 ;5B AB@>8B5;LAB20 . @0A=>:>:H09A:, 1926, A. 97.</p> <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref4" name="_ftn4"><span style="">4</span></a> 5@2>5 A5@>AA89A:>5 A>25I0=85 0:B82=KE @01>B=8:>2 <0@8, A>AB>O2H55AO 2 3. 070=8 7 15 D52@0;O 1920 3. 070=L, 1920, A. 33. <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref5" name="_ftn5"><span style="">5</span></a> -H:8=8= . >;8B@01>B0 A@548 :@0A=>0@<59F52-<0@8.  0@89A:0O 45@52=O, 1928, 23 D52@0;O. <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref6" name="_ftn6"><span style="">6</span></a> 0 2;0ABL !>25B>2..., A. 143. <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref7" name="_ftn7"><span style="">7</span></a> 1 >:BO1@O 1920 3>40 @540:F8O 3075BK @0A=K9 1>5F ?@>A8;0 709B8 -H:=0 70 ?>;CG5=85< 3>=>@0@0 =0@O4C A 4@C38<8 A>B@C4=8:0<8 (B0: 1K;> =0?5G0B0=> 2 3075B5). >6=> ?@54?>;030BL, GB> 8<5==> >BAN40 ?>;CG8; A2>5 =0G0;> ?A524>=8< -H:=0.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref8" name="_ftn8"><span style="">8</span></a> 0@B0@E82 0@89A:>3> >1:><0 !!, D. 1, >?. 1, . 717, ;. 26. <p align="justify"><a href="#_ftnref9" name="_ftn9"><span style="">9</span></a> 0@B0@E82 0@89A:>3>  !!, D. 1, >?. 3, 4. 2540, ;. 13. <p align="justify"> <p align="justify"> <p align="center"><a href="Narod_ih_pomnit.html">: >3;02;5=8N</a> <br> <a href="067.htm">=0704 &lt;</a> <a href="Narod_ih_pomnit.html">^</a> <a href="091.htm">&gt; 2?5@54</a></td> </tr> </table> <div align="center"></div> <div align="center"></div> </blockquote> </blockquote> </blockquote> </blockquote> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> OCR: misha811 </body></html>